Power Verification

GPN establishes data connections with all energy devices through a decentralized energy IoT layer, allowing real-time detection of device status such as switch status, charging/discharging status, power consumption, transaction information, commercial affiliation, etc.

Typically, power verification applies to the following types of power devices:

  1. Shared power banks: providing charging services for mobile devices;

  2. Electric vehicle charging piles: providing charging services for two-wheelers, three-wheelers, four-wheelers, and other electric vehicles;

  3. Small power swap stations: providing battery swap services for small electric vehicles, such as two-wheelers and three-wheelers;

  4. Household and industrial/commercial energy storage devices: providing medium to high-power AC services for households, industries, and commerce;

  5. Clean energy power generation devices such as solar, wind, water, and other sustainable sources: providing clean energy power generation services for households, industries, commerce, and urban areas;

  6. Other sustainable energy device services.

There are two cases for power swap stations:

  1. Battery packs with communication modules can directly obtain battery status information through BMS and upload the information to the GPN IoT service via the communication module (2G/3G/4G).

  2. When a battery is put into a power swap station, the station establishes a connection with GPN IoT, and uploads the battery's charging data to the GPN IoT service.

For shared power banks, the power bank stations upload battery data to the GPN IoT service when the power banks are in the station. When users are using the power banks, the bluetooth module of power banks establishes connection to users’ phones. Then the GPN app uploads the power bank device status to the GPN IoT service. Through GPN IoT, the platform detects energy device status (on/off/charging/discharging), the fuzzy location of authorized devices, and commercial data of an area (such as station service numbers and coverage radius). The data allows us to calculate users' proof of electricity consumption and energy ecosystem operation health indicators.

Charging piles, energy storage devices, and power generation devices will upload the charging vehicle model, power, energy storage power, power consumption, green energy parameters, and charging parameters directly to the GPN IoT service via the communication module.

To prevent counterfeiting, we will take the following measures:

  1. We will use the BMS encryption algorithm to encrypt battery discharge and charge data, ensuring the authenticity of the user's power consumption certificate.

  2. We will use device geolocation and device status (on/off) data to detect and prevent users from using large-scale devices to cheat.

  3. We will update the dynamic key for each battery every time it enters a power swap or charging stations to prevent key sharing and misuse.

  4. We will implement a device check-in mechanism, and mark devices that fail to check in for a long time as suspected cheaters.

  5. We will monitor charge and discharge curves in real time, and trigger the anti-cheating mechanism when necessary based on curve characteristics.

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